Indoor pollution is the accumulation of pollutants in enclosed spaces such as buildings (houses, offices, factories, etc.) and vehicles (cars, planes, trains, buses, etc.). Contaminants can originate outside and trapped in, or can originate from materials and processes that exist inside.
Currently most of the world’s population lives in cities. We live, work and travel in confined spaces and are increasingly less time outdoors. Today we spend about 90% of our time indoors, without paying attention to pollutants around us. Did you know that the air in enclosed spaces is two to five times more polluted than outdoor air? Also, people more susceptible to the effects of indoor pollution are the same people who spend more time in, such as infants, the elderly and people with chronic diseases.
Indoor pollution affects your body depending on the type of pollutant. Some contaminants can affect the nervous system or the production of hormones. In such cases, the effects are not noticeable at first but substances accumulate in the body up to a level that causes serious damage. Indoor pollution can cause problems that appear mysteriously seem to have no origin, sometimes are subtle changes that go unnoticed or are attributed to other causes. For example, if every time you enter your home or office you start to feel tired, cranky and a little nauseous, it may be due to indoor pollution. Although some of the symptoms may also be due to some psychological reaction to the place, indoor pollution is the sole cause of a condition known as Sick Building Syndrome. Its symptoms include
If you think you may be suffering due to indoor pollution, you should seek the support of professionals trained to detect the most common contaminants to make an assessment of the possible sources of contamination around you.
Apart from air pollution ng entering from outside and concentrated in, there are many sources of pollution that originate inside. Building materials, chemicals that are applied to furniture manufacture, cleaners and flavorings, hygiene and beauty, dust, smoke and toxic gases, pets, household pests, mold and bacteria can all cause health problems, but usually becomes problematic when there are many sources of pollution in the same space or when there are problems with air circulation. In these cases the concentration of pollutants exceeds the body’s ability to purify themselves. In addition, some individuals are more sensitive to pollution and can feel the effects long before other people. It is especially important to be aware of indoor pollution when it comes to sensitive people, babies, children, pregnant women, the elderly and people with respiratory or immune problems. Some contaminants commonly found indoors, along with their sources, are
There are three main strategies to reduce or eliminate indoor pollution.
To avoid the accumulation of pollutants in your home, follow these simple steps
More information (in English) on indoor pollution is here.