Currently there are many artificial and natural sweeteners. You know what is the healthiest? Then you will find a description of the most common for sugar substitutes. We started with artificial sweeteners, and on the following page, continue with natural alternatives to sugar.
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Saccharin entered the market in 1879. It is 200 to 700 times sweeter than sugar. Several decades ago, it incluyía on the official list of potentially carcinogenic substances, but was removed from the list in 2000 after a request by the Calorie Control Council. Currently the debate still stands on the safety of saccharin.
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Regardless of what the reality regarding their link to cancer, is a sweetener saccharin belonging to the group of sulfanomida and this can cause severe reactions in people allergic to sulfa people.
There are also indications that saccharin should be avoided by pregnant and lactating women, as it may cause harm to the fetus.
Aspartame is in use as a commercial sweetener since 1981. It is 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is not stable against heat, so should not be used in baked goods and hot food. Although considered safe for human consumption, it is highly dangerous for people with phenylketonuria (PKU), which is a genetic condition that affects metabolism. Many people also say that aspartame causes migraines.
Sucralose was approved for commercial sale in the United States in 1998. It is 600 times sweeter than sugar. Previously it was considered safe for hot foods such as pastries, however new studies have questioned this assertion.
A study published in the Journal of Toxicolgy and Public Health, analyzed the chemical changes brought on by heat sucralose, specifically temperatures usually used for cooking. The researchers observed that sucralose dismissed as chloropropanols carcinogenic compounds when heated.
The study also highlights that sucralose changes the microbial composition of the gastrointestinal tract, reducing the amount of beneficial bacteria.
If you consume Splenda as a substitute for sugar, it is preferable to use cold, it is better to avoid their use for breads and baked desserts. If you use to sweeten your coffee or other hot drink, it is preferable to add it after you remove the drink from the stove. Currently there is insufficient to know exactly what the effect of sucralose for human health information, but while it seems better to consume with caution.
Keep reading: Natural Sweeteners (stevia, sorbitol, xylitol)