If you live near a mountain or if you have ever made a long walk in the mountains, you’ve probably already seen a rain shadow. When you get to the top and you start down the other side, maybe you pass a green area with lots of greenery to a dry area. This dry side of the mountain is the rain shadow.
A rain shadow is an area that receives little precipitation because some barrier (usually a mountain or mountain) that disrupts the air flow and causes loses its moisture before crossing.
The rain shadow is located on the leeward side of the mountain, where rainfall is much less than on the windward side.
In some texts referred to as an orogenic rain shadow desert shadow or orographic rain shadow (literal translation of the word in English: rain shadow).
According to the water cycle, when the sea is heated by the sun an amount of water found on the ocean surface evaporates and is carried by prevailing winds.
When the air crosses the top of the mountain and starts down, heated again and the clouds dissipate, leaving the area without precipitation rain shadow.
The Tibetan Plateau is located in the rain shadow of the Sierra del Himalaya, which prevents movement of air from the wet area south of the mountains.
The Death Valley in the United States is desert with extreme temperatures that lies east of the Sierra Nevada.
The Atacama Desert in Chile, the driest region in the world, is in the rain shadow of the Andes.