Everyone needs a place to live. Throughout history, people have met this need with varied techniques and materials, depending on location, climate and soil.
There are many types of materials that can be used to build a house, you only need to walk around the place to identify what materials is about. Some of the most common materials in traditional construction are
The stones can be used to make the entire structure of the house or as a foundation for a structure made of another material.
There are different types of stones that are useful for building; some are more common for foundations, other for walls, flooring, finishing and for many other different applications.
Bamboo is a very strong plant that has been used since ancient times for building homes, furniture, tools and large buildings. Some types of bamboo have strength comparable to tin, and is currently doing enough research on their ability to withstand different amounts and types of pressure in high buildings. Much of this research is being done in Asia (especially in China) because bamboo is an important part of history and oriental culture. In green building it is very common to use bamboo for its rapid growth and negative carbon footprint.
The land is something that exists anywhere in the world and therefore has been used in various ways for construction. It can be combined with other materials such as sand, gravel, straw, horsehair, and cow or horse manure.
The mixture is made to build with mud or soil must have a specific consistency to be firm without cracking. The ideal for building soil contains clay, clay, sand and a fibrous organic material, it may also include some gravel. The proportion of mud and sand is very important because the balance of these two materials is what gives strength to the construction. The fibrous organic material (horsehair, straw and manure) acts as a tissue that gives consistency and firmness. In the event that the land that occurs naturally in a place does not have the correct proportions to build, you can add sand, mud or straw to balance it. This mixture is called adobe.
Throughout history it has incorporated a myriad of materials in conjunction with Adobe, because it is a rich and flexible material.
Wood is a renewable and sustainable material. Although see wooden buildings make us think of deforestation (and rightly so, because now a lot of wood comes from unsustainable sources), with good management of virgin forests, forest ecosystems and timber plantations, could take advantage of this natural material and non-toxic without harming nature. In contrast, timber production could be done in a very beneficial way to the environment. Today you can buy wood (and wood products like paper) eco-friendly companies, seeking FSC Certified label, which ensures that the product does not contribute to desertification or deforestation.
The wood commonly used in construction is extracted from the trunk beneath the bark of trees. To transform a tree wood is first necessary to cut down the tree and then remove the crust and remove the branches, then it gives way to wood to dry later;. More »
This type of organic material is commonly used for the roofs of houses and mingle with clay. The straw can be grass, grass, cattail or other fibrous material. The palm can be of any type. Straw and palm are common in warm, humid places, such as coastal or tropical areas.
In cold places, the straw is used as insulation bales to build walls against the cold. Building with straw bales is a combined technique, since the straw is not used alone but in conjunction with adobe or cement.
Overall straw and palm are used not alone but in combination with wood, bamboo or adobe. For example, you can make a nice house with stone foundation, structure bamboo, mud wall and thatched roof. This would be a nice, green and affordable housing. So do not limit the possibilities are endless.